วันนี้โลโก้ Google เป็นการฉลองวันเกิดปีที่ 101 ให้กับ Akira Yoshizawa นักพับกระดาษ origami




การพับกระดาษโอริกามิของญี่ปุ่น สันนิฐานว่าอาจได้ รับวัฒนธรรมการพับกระดาษจากชาวจีน ที่นิยมมากในสมัยราชวังศ์ซ้อง (ปี ค.ศ. 960-1279) นอกจากนี้ ยังมีหลักฐานการพับกระดาษที่เก่าแก่ที่สุดในยุโรป โดยเป็นรูปเรือกระดาษขนาดเล็ก ปรากฏอยู่ในงานเขียน เดอ สฟาอีรา มุนดิ (De sphaera mundi) ในปี ค.ศ. 1490 หลักฐานการพับโอริกามิที่เก่าแก่ที่สุดในญี่ปุ่น คือ บทกลอนสั้นของอิฮาระไซคาคุ (lhare Saikaku) เมื่อปี ค.ศ. 1680 ที่บรรยายถึงผีเสื้อกระดาษที่ใช้ใน งานเฉลิมฉลองพีธีสมรสแบบชินโต ซึ่งเป็นสัญลักษณ์การพับกระดาษ โอริกามิของเจ้าบ่าวและเจ้าสาว แม้ว่าโอริกามิจะได้รับความนิยมมากมาตั้งแต่อดีต แต่ด้วยวัสดุที่นำมาใช้นั้นเป็นกระดาษ ซึ่งย่อยสลายง่ายกว่าวัสดุชนิดอื่น ทำให้หลักฐานเกี่ยวกับโอริกามิไม่หลงเหลืออยู่เลย มีเพียงแค่บันทึกต่างๆ ที่กล่าวถึงเท่านั้น ในช่วงต้นคริสต์ศตวรรษที่ 20 อากิระ โยชิซาว่า (Akira Yoshizawaโคโช อุชิยาม่า (Kosho Uchiyama)และบุคคลอื่นๆ ได้ร่วมกันคิดค้นการพับกระดาษโอริกามิที่เป็นมาตรฐาน ดังเช่นในปัจจุบันขึ้น โดยอากิระได้สร้างสรรค์การพับกระดาษโอริกามิที่ ได้รับแรงบันดาลใจมาจากศิลปะเรเนส ซองส์ และสร้างแผนภาพการพับกระดาษโอริกามิแบบต่างๆ ขึ้น

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